diagnosis of diabetes

Diagnosis of Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide to Strategies    

Treatment and diagnosis of diabetes

It has become mandatory to have a diagnosis of diabetes. As it is has become an ongoing medical condition that affects your body’s energy-making process from food. After consuming your food, the body converts carbohydrates into glucose. It acts as fuel for your cells. Finally, with the help of insulin, glucose is transported from your blood streams into cells for energy purposes.

In the case of diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. It is known as type 1 diabetes. But when the body’s cells don’t respond effectively to insulin, it is type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a less common type of diabetes and only occurs during pregnancy. When insulin resistance happens, the glucose level in the bloodstream increases. Resulting in high blood sugar.

How to get a diagnosis of diabetes

1. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG )test.

In order to determine the diagnosis of diabetes, you have to fast overnight, after which your blood sugar levels are tested. If it is between 100-125 mg/dL or higher that would indicates diabetes.

2. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

Mostly after the passing plasma this test is done. It is usually done in the morning. Have your breakfast and after few hours, your blood sugar levels are checked. A blood sugar, sugar of 140-199 mg/dL greater suggests diabetes.

3. Random plasma glucose test:

Irrespective of what time you had. The blood sugar level is looked at throughout the day.  If your blood sugar level is 199 mg/dL a greater you are considered as diabetic.

4. Haemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c):

In this test, the average blood sugar level from past three months is measured. 5.6% or higher indicates diabetes

Treatment of blood sugar

Regular medical checkups:

Keeping an eye on your sugar levels by visiting a healthcare professional is very important. Monitoring and screening help you prevent much larger health concerns caused by diabetes, such as kidney disease, nerve damage, eye problems, and memory problems.


Having information and support with the help of the people who have managed their condition. This may also include guidance on meal planning, medication, and other complications that come with diabetes.


Depending on the type, different medications are prescribed. These include insulin injections, metformin, and sulfonylureas.

Changes in lifestyle:

A workout regime and a healthy diet are essential for managing diabetes. Eat a balanced diet. Including high-fibre, high-protein, and low-GI foods. Excluding sugar or processed foods. Regular physical activities help you lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.

Management of weight:

Losing weight can improve blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.

Blood pressure and cholesterol:

Controlling your cholesterol levels and blood pressure is important, as they can affect your heart. It is one of the concerns associated with diabetes.

What to take care of your blood sugar levels at home:

There are some things that you can do at home to keep your blood sugar levels in check.

Diet plan:

Plan a healthy balanced diet that includes foods rich in fibre, whole grains, protein, fruits, and vegetables. Limiting the intake of refined carbohydrates, saturated fats, and sugar.

Controlling a portion:

Avoid overeating; be careful of your size. Eating smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day can help you stabilise your blood sugar level.


Drink plenty of water. Keep yourself hydrated, but avoid any sugary drinks like soda or fruit juices. And instead, you can have fruits.

Limit alcohol consumption.

Always choose to drink alcohol in moderation with food. Alcohol tends to fluctuate the levels of sugar. And it also sometimes interferes with your diabetic medication.

Herbal supplement:

Cinnamon, fenugreek, ginger, turmeric, curry leaves, etc. are other kinds of herbs that help you control your sugar. It is important to consult a healthcare professional before you choose to start taking new supplements.


Sleeping from 7 to 8 hours. Each night can also be beneficial for sleep. Can destroy your hormones and lead to higher levels.


Choose a workout regime and do regular physical activities like walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, or yoga. At least for 30 to 60 minutes.


In order to successfully control diabetes, you have to plan a healthy life.  Make healthy choices eating a balanced diet, workout stress management, good sleep and a lot of hydration. Can help control blood sugar and reduce health complication. You can also follow oh natural path with your medication, by using some home remedies.

Written By:-Amisha

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